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jan van eyck academy

http://www.janvaneyck.nl

Annually, the Jan van Eyck organises a receptive recruitment campaign. Candidates are requested to submit proposals for research and/or production and to indicate the length of the desired research period (minimum 1 month, maximum 24 months). Candidates can apply for a one or two year period starting at the academic year on 1 January each year.

The selection is carried out departmentally (Fine Art, Design, Theory). In other words, candidate researchers are asked to relate to a particular discipline – this does not necessarily mean the submitted proposal has to fit within the generally valid definition of the chosen discipline: it is all to do with the independently formulated relationship to the discipline in question. Through this receptive recruitment the Jan van Eyck can accommodate unique individual research proposals which cannot be realised elsewhere.

Salome Schmuki

Researcher Design

01.01.07 – 31.12.07

salomeschmuki@gmx.ch

www.salomeschmuki.ch

My research is into the topic of dyslexia. The project intends to find possibilities to improve the abilities of dyslexic people to communicate, especially in written language. Dyslexia is characterised by a phonological processing deficit, possibly due to a deficit in more general auditory processing. That means its not primarily a visual perception problem.
I investigate reading disabilities in different writing systems and languages, like, for example, non-alphabetic scripts that work with ideographic characters, whole syllables instead of phonemes ( i.e. the Chinese writing system). I mean to compare the underlying mechanisms involved in alphabetic and logographic writing systems. English and Chinese are two languages that differ in almost every aspect: phonology, orthography, semantics and syntax. Thus, Chinese speakers who suffer from dyslexia have different brain abnormalities than English-speaking dyslectics. Reading difficulty in Chinese does not only result from a poor quality mapping of orthography to phonology, but also from a substandard connection between orthography and semantics.
Learning to speak Chinese is a difficult mental task, requiring the memorization of about 5000 to 6000 characters, each corresponding to a different word. As a result, Chinese speakers have trouble converting symbols into meanings, not letters into sounds.
Some dyslexic readers of languages with the alphabetical writing system try to memorize – instead of reading single letters and syllables – whole words like pictures: they read words logographically instead of synthetically. This compensation strategy is difficult to apply to abstract words that are hard to imagine.
A possible graphical improvement could be a tool to invent and use signs with elements of the alphabet for the difficult words. It should be used in a very individual way, as a kind of crib, the objective being that after some practise it would not be needed anymore and the ‘normal’ alphabet could be used. So far, I have been working with a school class in Switzerland to test and use some ideas of how to find elements for different types of words.
There are different kinds of strategy used by the dyslexic readers of different European languages. For example, the orthography of Italian is much closer to spoken language. This makes it possible to read while applying the rules, so dyslexic people are able to read relatively correctly, though extremely slowly: they analyze each sound according to the rules, they don’t read automatically.
Using the criteria I became familiar with, I started to design a typeface which should be easier to read for dyslexic readers and easier to learn for dyslexic (and non-dyslexic) children. So far, I have developed different versions and will start to test these with a group of dyslexic children as well as a group of dyslexic adults.

Filed under: 1

nathan.com (Nathan Shedroff)

http://www.nathan.com/projects/current/comtimeline.html

history of communications- colour coded timeline

http://www.nathan.com/thoughts/index.html

“I believe that the Information Age is just now starting and that we have been in the Age of Data. This has been characterized by a proliferation of relatively meaningless and useless data that has little impact on our lives. I am dedicated to transforming data into information and then into knowledge and wisdom, as well as teaching others to do the same. These steps begin by understanding the mechanics of organization and presentation. It is also imperative to know which media work well for what kinds of messages: text, sound, voice and music, animation, video, illustrations, photographs, and diagrams, video, and other forms. Using media inappropriately can destroy a message’s meaning and impact.

One of the best ways to communicate is through conversations and this is the next step for interactive products to take. It is also something that people must be helped to do well.

Communication is more than merely talking or writing. It is the most important experience with which we live. It is the key to successful business, understanding, and interaction. Good communication is critical to all interaction, whether between two friends, or many strangers. Successful communication relies on literacy with all forms of communication, including, text, images, sounds and music, voice, diagrams, numbers, and video for both producers and consumers. Being able to communicate clearly means being able to choose which medium is most appropriate to the message.

All communication is viral in nature. This is to say that the mechanisms for the creation, transformation, and transmission of all messages are analogous to those for genetic material. There are, in effect, ecologies of information and meaning that are woven into all aspects of our communications, including how we think, store, and retell our thoughts and experiences. It is my current goal to understand these mechanisms in order to build a taxonomy with which to use to create even more successful messages and help others to understand how to communicate better.”

Filed under: Visual Literacy

structured planning

http://www.id.iit.edu/141/getdocument.php?id=131

http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/07479360152103813

charles owen

Filed under: Visual Thinking

MFA Illustration as Visual Essay

http://www.sva.edu/grad/index.jsp?sid0=2&sid1=32

vis essayThe Illustration as Visual Essay program has been created to help students refine and define their personal vision. The program is difficult and demanding. We structure our curriculum to broaden students’ opportunities as figurative artists far beyond the conventional gallery wall to creating within the full range of 21st-century multimedia. We do this by focusing on intense, personalized teaching with two basic goals: 1) to fuse the development of creative thinking, technical and communication skills in order to express a personal vision, 2) to understand how and where to apply the work produced and give students the confidence to choose making art as a way of life and not simply a career option.

Filed under: Teaching strategies